Northwest PA Grazing Conference 2017

The 20th Annual Northwest Pennsylvania Grazing Conference was held March 16, 2017, in Clarion, PA. Keynote speaker Jim Gerrish spoke on “Getting the most out of your pastures,” and “Why you should be out of the hay business.” Aaron and Melissa Miller talked about “Economics of grass-fed beef,” and Jay …

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Carbon sequestration potential of agricultural systems

Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agricultural Systems

R. Howard Skinner USDA-ARS, University Park, PA

(full report)

Abstract

Through proper management, agricultural systems (cropland, pasture, and forest) have the ability to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequester it in soils and wood products. The carbon thus sequestered can help …

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Ultra-high Stocking Density Grazing

Case Study: Dairies Using Ultra-high Stocking Density Grazing in New York and Pennsylvania
Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

Full factsheet (PDF)

Ultra-high stocking density (UHSD) grazing, sometimes referred to as “mob grazing”, is characterized by:

  • high stocking density (units bodyweight …
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Evening grazing

Grazing few hours during the afternoon and evening
Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

Facts

  • Cattle concentrate grazing during the afternoon and evening.
  • Pasture presents the highest sugar, digestibility and less fiber concentrations in the afternoon and evening.
  • Afternoon pasture allocations increases duration and …
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Pasture Seed Banks

Pasture Seed Banks
Dr. Matt Sanderson, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

What is a Seed Bank?

It is a reserve of dormant seeds in the soil that enables some types of plants to re-establish themselves after a drastic disturbance of the established vegetation …

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Total mixed ration for pasture-based dairy

Using a total mixed ration on a pasture-based dairy Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

Background

Feeding dairy cows on pasture challenges nutritionists and producers due to changing pasture quality and availability which make dry matter intake (DMI) difficult to monitor …

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Soil carbon sequestration in pastures

Soil Carbon Sequestration in Pastures
Dr. Curtis Dell, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

Background

Sequestration of carbon (C) in soils is being promoted as a way to remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from atmosphere and lower the potential for global climate change. Cultivation typically …

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Pasture diversity and management

Pasture diversity and management
Dr. Sarah Goslee, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

Background

There are 120 million acres of pasture in the United States, along with 406 million acres of rangeland and 62 million acres of hay. These grazing and forage crops contribute …

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Diet and behavior

Diet Selection and Grazing Behavior
Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

A grazing ruminant is presented with a smorgasbord of choices when turned out onto a pasture. However, little is understood on how selection decisions are made by the animal, including …

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Greenhouse gas emissions from dairy production

The Dairy Greenhouse Gas Model: A tool for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint of dairy production systems
C. Alan Rotz and Felipe Montes, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

full report (PDF)

The Problem

Animal agriculture is a recognized source of …

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Pasture fallowing

Pasture plant cover and seed bank composition on a Maryland farm after fallowing
Dr. Sarah Goslee, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research
 Unit

full report (PDF)

Background

Pasture fallowing is the practice of leaving pastures ungrazed for a period to encourage grass reseeding and increase pasture diversity. This …

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Sward structure and bite mass

Does sward structure affect bite mass of grazing cattle?
Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit)

full report (PDF)

Summary

Dry matter intake (DMI) is a key factor for animal performance in pasture-based systems. While pasture DMI depends greatly on forage quality and availability, forage …

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Biofuels research

Management and Life Cycle Assessment of Bioenergy Crop Production
Dr. Paul R. Adler, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

Background

The focus of the program has been on the potential use of marginal croplands for biofuel production conducting research at multiple scales on the …

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Integrated Farming Systems

Integrated Farming Systems Research: Developing Profitable and Environmentally Sound Farming Systems for Animal Production
Dr. Alan Rotz, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

full report (PDF)

More Sustainable Farms are Needed

Dairy and beef farms are major contributors to the economy of the northeast region. Increasing production …

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Seed banks in pastures and hayfields

Seed Banks in Pastures and Hayfields of the University of New Hampshire Organic Dairy
Matt Sanderson and Robert Stout, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA
Kevin Brussell and Charles Schwab, University of New Hampshire, Durham

full report (PDF)

Buried seed in pasture soils are …

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Appetite and grazing behavior

LINKING PASTURE AND ANIMAL PROCESSES: The effect of appetite on the way they graze
Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management
Research Unit

full fact sheet (PDF)

Facts

  • Appetite motivates animals to eat.
  • Level of appetite influences pasture intake rate and grazing dynamics.
  • Ruminal fill is inversely …
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Measuring available forage

Measuring and Budgeting Available Forage in Pastures
Dr. Matt Sanderson, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research
 Unit

full factsheet (PDF)

Here are the results of a study in which we modeled two farms that differed in size, grazing management, and feeding strategy. We first modeled the optimal management …

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Carbon sequestration potential of switchgrass

Sequestration Potential of Switchgrass Managed for Bioenergy Production
Dr. Howard Skinner, ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

Full report (PDF)

Background

Switchgrass is an important bioenergy crop with the potential to provide a reliable supply of renewable energy while also removing from the atmosphere and …

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NEPC 2013 Annual Meeting: Grain Supplementation

Brent Beidler, Beidler Family Farm, Randolph Center, VT was to make the last presentation for the session, Grain Supplementation Economics and Strategies for Pastured Dairy Cows. However, due to the weather he was unable to attend in person and our attempts to schedule him to use the speaker phone Thursday …

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NEPC 2013 Annual Meeting: Decision-Making Economics

Jennifer Colby, Program Coordinator of the Vermont Pasture Network at UVM, Colchester, took the floor to wrap up the
Developing Economic and Energy Tools to Aid Farmer Decision-Making session.

She gave some history on dairy farm economics. Agricultural economists have looked at these economic indicators:

  • Debt to asset ratio (Karszes …
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European Beef Safety Research

ProSafeBeef is a European organization.

The Mission of ProSafeBeef is to enable the beef chain in Europe to thrive and diversify and to deliver innovative, novel and improved fresh beef and beef products that are safe, high quality and consumer driven for national, regional and global markets thus allowing for …

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Improved Forage/Sheep Production Efficiency

Improved Forage/Sheep Production Efficiency

Project Number: 1932-13310-001-02S
Researchers: Turner, K. E.; Belesky, D. P.; Lewis, P.
Start Date: 01-Sep-89
End Date: 30-Jun-94
Performing Institution: Agricultural Research Service and West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506

Research Objectives: Develop strategies to synchronize lambing
and forage availability/quality with nutrient requirements of …

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Alternative Systems for Veal and Dairy/Beef

Alternative Systems for Veal and Dairy/Beef - Health, Welfare, Behavior, Performance, and Carcass

Project Number: PEN03259
Researchers: Wilson, L. L.; Henning, W. R.;
Mills, E. W.
Start Date: 01-Jan-92
End Date: 31-Dec-95
Performing Institution: Penn State Dairy and Animal Science, University Park, PA 16802

Research Objectives:

  • Determine health, behavior, performance …
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Management of alfalfa for maximum yield

Management of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) for maximum yield and utilization in Delaware - Phase II

Project Number: DELX-002-90-3**

Researchers: Jones, E. R.; Swain, R. H.

Start Date: 01-Oct-90

End Date: 30-Sep-95

Performing Institution:** Agriculture and Natural Resources, Delaware State College, Dover, DE 19901

Research Objectives:

  • Determine the optimum cutting …
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Ruminant Animal Production Using Tyfon, Forage Brassica

Ruminant Animal Production Using Tyfon, Forage Brassica

Project Number: LNE89-12 (USDA-SARE Program)**

Principal Investigators:** Mary Wiedenhoeft and Barbara A. Barton

Performing Institution: University of Maine

The major costs of Livestock operations in the Northeast are the purchase, production, and handling of feed. It is a known fact that …

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Linking pasture and animal processes

Let’s allocate the pasture in the afternoon
Dr. Kathy Soder
USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

printable PDF version

The problem

Grazing enterprise profitability is greatly influenced by the plant/ animal relationship. However, grazing managements optimizing this relationship in view of increase animal …

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Carbon Sequestration

Carbon Sequestration in Mature Humid-Temperate Pastures
Howard Skinner, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research
Unit, University Park, PA

Printable version

Background

Decades of plowing have depleted organic carbon stocks in many agricultural soils. Conversion of plowed fields to pasture has the potential to reverse this process, recapturing organic …

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Drought Tolerance

Managing Intensively Grazed Pastures: Improving Drought Tolerance
Howard Skinner, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

Printable version

Background

Reduced forage production on pastures during periods of summer drought presets a significant risk to producers who are constantly searching for ways to reduce that risk …

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Nitrogen Losses from Pasture

Nitrogen Losses from Pasture
C. Alan Rotz, USDA/ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA 16802

Printable version

Introduction: Substantial nitrogen (N) losses from volatilization, leaching, and denitrification occur from manure deposited by grazing animals. The amount of loss is related to the weather conditions, soil …

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Cost and Returns to Organic Dairy Farming

Cost and Returns to Organic Dairy Farming in Maine and Vermont for 2004
Timothy J. Dalton, Lisa A. Bragg, Rick Kersbergen, Robert Parsons, Glenn Rogers, Dennis Kauppila, Qingbin Wang
University of Maine
Department of Resource Economics and Policy Staff Paper #555

There is a vacuum of any rigorous, quantified studies …

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Pasture Assessment

Pasture Assessment in the Northeast United States
Matt A. Sanderson, Sarah C. Goslee, and James B. Cropper
USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, Building 3702 Curtin Road, University Park, PA. USDA-NRCS East NTSC, Greensboro, NC 27401.

Many livestock producers have intensified management of pastures in the …

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Molasses Supplementation

Effect of Molasses Supplementation on Ruminal Fermentation
Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

Printable Version

Background

As milk prices fluctuate and input costs increase, grazing dairy operations seek lower-cost feed alternatives to maintain or improve milk production while reducing feed costs …

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Immunobiology of nematodes

IMMUNOBIOLOGY OF OSTERTAGIA OSTERTAGI AND OTHER GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES OF CATTLE

Project Number:
1265-32000-044-00D
Researchers: Gasbarre, L. C.; Fleming, M. W.; Zarlenga, D. S.
Start Date: 07-Dec-93
End Date: 06-Dec-98
Performing Institution: BELTSVILLE AGR RES CENTER
BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND 20705

Research Objectives: 1) Characterize cellular immune responses in resistant and non-resistant cattle …

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Northeast Forage Demonstration

Northeast Dairy Farm Forage Demonstration Project
Principal Investigator: Joan Sinclair
Performing Institution: Cornell Cooperative Extension, Parkside Drive, Elicottville, NY 14731

Abstract:

The Northeast Dairy Farm Forage Demonstration Project will determine the cost saving benefits of a year round forage management program including the use of intensive rotational grazing systems to …

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Phosphorus management

INTEGRATE CHEMICAL AND HYDROLOGIC PROCESSES FOR PHOSPHORUS MANAGEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL WATERSHEDS

Project Number: 1902-13000-006-00D
Researchers: Sharpley, A. N.; Gburek, W. J.; Pionke, H. B.
Start Date: 01-Jan-96
End Date: 31-Dec-98
Performing Institution: AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
UNIVERSITY PARK, PENNSYLVANIA 16802

Research Objectives: 1) Determine effects of P management in pasture systems …

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Systematics of agricultural plants II

SYSTEMATICS OF VASCULAR PLANTS IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE

Project Number: 1275-21000-111-00D
Researchers: Kirkbride, J. H.; Wiersema, J. H.; Rossman, A. Y.
Start Date: 18-May-95
End Date: 17-May-00
Performing Institution: BELTSVILLE AGR RES CENTER, BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND 20705

Research Objectives: Develop a comprehensive monograph of Lotus subgenus Pedrosia including horticulturally important forage crops …

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Systematics of agricultural plants I

SYSTEMATICS OF VASCULAR PLANTS IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE

Project Number: 1275-21000-069-00D
Researchers: Kirkbride, J. H.; Wiersema, J. H.; Rossman, A. Y.
Start Date: 23-Mar-90
End Date: 22-Mar-95
Performing Institution: AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, BELTSVILLE AGR RES CENTER, BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND 20705

Research Objectives: Develop databases and publish illustrated text to facilitate identification of …

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Total Mixed Rations for Pasture-Based Dairy Systems

Incorporating a Total Mixed Ration into Pasture-Based Dairy Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?
Kathy Soder, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems & Watershed Management Research Unit University Park, PA

Printable version (PDF)

Background

TMR

Feeding dairy cows on pasture challenges nutritionists and producers due to changing pasture quality and availability which make dry …

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Northeast Pasture Consortium Progress Report, 2009

PROGRESS REPORTNORTHEAST PASTURE CONSORTIUM March 4, 2009

PROJECT TITLE: Managing Forage and Grazing Lands for Multiple Ecosystem Services

SCIENTISTS: Matt A. Sanderson, Sarah C. Goslee, Kathy J. Soder, Paul R. Adler, R. Howard Skinner, and Curtis Dell

PROGRESS OF WORK AND PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS: full report to the NEPC.

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Environmental Impact and Profitability of Beef Farms

Simulation to Study the Environmental Impact and Profitability of Beef Farms
C. Alan Rotz, USDA/ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit; Dennis R. Buckmaster, Agricultural and Biological Engineering Dept. and John W. Comerford, Dairy and Animal Science Dept., Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802

Introduction: With tighter …

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Total Mixed Ration Use

A Survey of Total Mixed Ration Use on Pasture-based Dairy Farms in New York and Pennsylvania
Kathy Soder, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems & Watershed Management Research Unit University Park, PA

Printable version including tables (PDF)

Background

Feeding dairy cows on pasture challenges nutritionists and producers, which can include variations in milk …

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Pasture Plant Communities

Pasture Plant Communities in the Northeast
Sarah Goslee, Matt Sanderson and Jeff Gonet
USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, Univ. Park, PA 16802

Pastures are important to the economy of the northeastern United States, but we still don’t know much about their ecology. One of the …

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Pasture Assessment in the Northeast

Pasture Assessment in the Northeast United States
Matt A. Sanderson, Sarah C. Goslee, and James B. Cropper
USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, Building 3702 Curtin Road, University Park, PA. USDA-NRCS East NTSC, Greensboro, NC 27401.

Many livestock producers have intensified management of pastures in the …

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2005 Organic Agriculture Workshop Summary

Organic Agriculture Workshop Summary USDA Agricultural Research Service

History

The USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) has a long history of conducting research that solves problems faced by producers, allied agricultural industries, and consumers. However, there has been no formal ARS research effort for organic agriculture. Past organic research was conducted …

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Conservation lands in the Northeast

USDA-ARS Biofuel Research Program Management and Life Cycle Assessment of Bioenergy Crop Production
USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

Dr. Paul R. Adler
Research Agronomist, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, Building 3702, Curtin Road, University Park, PA 16802-3702

printable PDF version

Background …

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Switchgrass and big bluestem

Switchgrass and big bluestem response to spring burning and glyphosate application: Hay, biomass, and seed yields

M.A. Sanderson, R.R. Schnabel (deceased), W.L. Stout, and D. Genito, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA
16802; W.S. Curran, Dep. Crop and Soil Sciences …

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Conservation Effects Assessment Project and National Resources Inventory

Two major efforts to characterize and assess US grazinglands have engaged NRCS, ARS and university personnel.

The Conservation Effects Assessment Project ()CEAP) is a multi-agency effort to quantify the environmental effects of conservation practices and programs and develop the science base for managing the agricultural landscape for environmental quality. CEAP …

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NEPC 2011 Meeting Poster Session

Finishing Meat Goats on Birdsfoot Trefoil, Chicory, or Red Clover Pastures, Authors: K.E. Turner and K.A. Cassida, Appalachian Farming Systems Research Center, Beaver, WV 25813, and A.M. Zajac, Virginia/Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg VA 24061

Functional Foods Innovations, Authors: Moushumi Paul, Michael …

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Climate change online

The new interactive website Climate Hot Map, sponsored by the Union of Concerned Scientists, shows global warming effects around the world. It gives some temperature information, but also looks at effects on fresh water and oceans, and on human health and food production.

Dairy production in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, is …

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NEPC 2011 Meeting Molasses Supplements

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

The regular session of the Annual Meeting began at 8:00 AM in the Grand Ballroom with Jim Cropper, Executive Director, welcoming everyone. He expressed his gratitude that so many people braved the weather to attend. The attendees were given the opportunity to introduce themselves around the …

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When to graze

How long and when should I graze my cattle?
Linking Pasture and Animal Processes
by Pablo Gregorini, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

printable version with figures

Research has shown that cattle concentrate grazing during the evening. This coincides with the highest sugar, digestibility …

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Grazing at dusk

The reason why graze cattle at dusk: Linking pasture and animal processes
by Pablo Gregorini, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

printable version with figures

The query

The outcome of a grazing strategy results from an interaction among herbage, ingestion, digestion, and nutrient absorption …

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Grazing at dusk

Let’s graze the cattle at dusk.
Linking Pasture and Animal Processes

by Pablo Gregorini, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

printable version with figures

The problem

The profitability of grazing systems can be greatly influenced by the relationship between the grazing animal and …

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Switchgrass and Big Bluestem

Switchgrass and Big Bluestem Response to Spring Burning and Glyphosate Application: Hay, Biomass, and Seed Yields

by M.A. Sanderson, R.R. Schnabel, W.L. Stout, and D. Genito, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA; W.S. Curran, Dep. Crop and Soil Sciences, The …

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Simulation of Beef Farms

Simulation to Study the Environmental Impact and Profitability of Beef Farms
by C. Alan Rotz, USDA-ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, Dennis R. Buckmaster, Agricultural and Biological Engineering Dept. and John W. Comerford, Dairy and Animal Science Dept., Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802

printable version …

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Bioenergy Crop Production

Management and Life Cycle Assessment of Bioenergy Crop Production
by Paul Adler, USDA-ARS, University Park, PA

printable version of this article

Background

The focus of the program has been on the potential use of marginal croplands for biofuel production conducting research at multiple scales on the ecology and management …

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Carbon Sequestration Bibliography

WEBLIOGRAPHY on CARBON SEQUESTRATION prepared for
NORTHEAST PASTURE CONSORTIUM
June 2009
Martha Holdridge
West Wind Farm

AMAZING CARBON” (AUSTRALIA)

http://www.amazingcarbon.com/
Home page of Dr. Christine Jones, soil scientist, founder of Australian Soil Carbon Accreditation Scheme, a voluntary carbon trading system.  It includes references to many articles on …

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2006 Federal Budget Request: Coshocton, OH

Consortium stakeholder budget request for USDA-ARS, Coshocton, OH, e-mailed to Senator DeWine (OH) and Representative Ney (OH) on April 8, 2005

The private-sector members of the Northeast Pasture Research and Extension Consortium request the assistance of Representative Ney in $1.5 million for the proposed dairy grazing research initiative …

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2006 Federal Budget Request: Beaver, WV

Consortium stakeholder budget request for USDA-ARS, University Park, PA, and Wyndmoor, PA, e-mailed or delivered to Senators Gregg (NH), Leahy (VT), Santorum (PA), Specter (PA), Representatives Bass (NH), Bradley (NH), Boehlert (NY), Hinchey (NY), Peterson (PA), and others in early March, 2005.

Federal Budget Request for FY2006

Submitted by …

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2006 Federal Budget Request: University Park, PA

Consortium stakeholder budget request for USDA-ARS, University Park, PA, and Wyndmoor, PA, e-mailed or delivered to Senators Gregg (NH), Leahy (VT), Santorum (PA), Specter (PA), Representatives Bass (NH), Bradley (NH), Boehlert (NY), Hinchey (NY), Peterson (PA), and others in early March, 2005.

Federal Budget Request for FY2006

Submitted by …

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Tikofsky Research Priorities

Linda L. Garrison-Tikofsky, DVM
Quality Milk Production Services (QMPS), Cornell University

Priority: What are the management strategies and costs of transition or conversion of row crops to productive and sustainable grazing lands and soils?

Priority: Evaluate the production and management aspects of pasture-based animal products for their human health benefits …

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USDA - ARS Research Priorities 2007

In response to the “Stakeholder Vision for the Northeast Region,” which was developed by the NE pasture Consortium and identified six research priorities for grazing research in the Northeast, USDAARS responded with “A Coordinated Initiative to Meet Research Needs for the Northeast Region.” The response identified the need for …

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NEPC 2011 Meeting Part I

Northeast Pasture Research and Extension Consortium Proceedings of Annual Business Meeting

Ramada Conference Center and Inn State College, Pennsylvania February 1-2, 2011

Despite an ice storm and snow, 70 people attended the meeting this year. Farmer members were most impacted by the inclement weather with only 22 attending this year …

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NEPC 2011 Small Ruminants on Pasture

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

After the mid-morning break, Session 2, Small Ruminants on Pasture, was held. Dr. Rachel Gilker of the UVM Center for Sustainable Ag and Executive Committee member moderated the session.

Dr. Kimberly Cassida, research agronomist, USDA-ARS, Appalachian Farming Systems Research Center (AFSRC), was the first speaker of …

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NEPC 2011 Meeting Raw Milk Update 1

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

Session 4, Raw Milk Update followed the afternoon poster paper break convening back at the Grand Ballroom. Angus Johnson, Executive Committee member and Chair of the Stakeholders Action Committee, moderated this session and was a speaker.

Dr. Diane Van Hekken, USDA-ARS, research chemist, Dairy & Functional Foods …

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NEPC 2011 Raw Milk Update 2

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

Robert Richardson, owner and operator of Rocky Acres Farm, spoke next. He is a Massachusetts dairy farmer who bottles and sells raw milk. Approximately 30% of the milk produced on the farm is sold as raw milk to a co-op. The rest is sold to Agri-Mark. Thirty …

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NEPC 2011 Meeting Breakout Sessions

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

At the Public Sector Breakout, chaired by Mr. Rob DeClue, we addressed the need of getting out letters of support on several worthy programs and discipline areas. Below is the list of items needing letters of support:

  1. Pro-Dairy at Cornell University - to NY Dept. of Ag. and …

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NEPC 2011 Meeting Reports

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

The Sector and Other Reports Session began immediately after lunch at 1:30 PM with Jim Cropper, Executive Director presiding. Rob DeClue gave the Public Sector report that is described under the Public Sector Breakout Session on page 41. Rachel Gilker gave the Private Sector report that …

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NEPC 2011 Business Meeting

NEPC2011 Meeting Index

The Business Meeting Session was called to order by the Co-Chairs of the Public and Private Sector, Stephen Herbert and Clyde Bailey, respectively at 3:30 PM.

Dr. Margaret Smith, Administrative Advisor for the Northeast Pasture Consortium, NEERA 1000 Project of the Northeast Agricultural Experiment Station Directors …

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USDA-ARS PSWMRU 2007 Research Report

USDA Agricultural Research Service PASTURE SYSTEMS AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT RESEARCH UNIT RESEARCH SUMMARIES and FACT SHEETS 2007

Full report (PDF)

Improving Productivity, Sustainability, and Profitability of Grassland Agriculture

We conduct research to develop and transfer economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable management systems for northeastern grazing and cropping enterprises. We focus …

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Ammonia Emissions from Pennsylvania Dairy Farms

Alan Rotz, USDA/ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA.

Introduction

Dairy farms, along with other animal feeding operations, were asked this past year to consider a consent agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to fund research into whether or not air pollution …

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Biodiverse Forage Mixtures

full factsheet with tables

Biodiverse Forage Mixtures: Can They Improve Animal and Pasture Productivity?

Dr. Kathy Soder, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA, 16802

Background

The role of plant species diversity or forage mixture complexity in pastures is not yet well characterized. Nonetheless, taking …

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Implications of Forage Management on Farm Profitability and the Environment

Alan Rotz, USDA/ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA.

Introduction

Producers continue to look for management changes that can improve their efficiency and thus increase or at least maintain the profitability of their farms. They must also consider the efficiency of nutrient use and the …

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Steps for Sizing Paddocks

Steps for Sizing Paddocks

1. Determine forage availability for land used as pasture.

This can be done by two methods: first estimating past hay yields. A yield of 5 tons per acre per year converts to 2,000 lbs dry matter (DM) per grazing rotation. The rotations would have a …

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Pastures and Biodiversity

Printable version including tables (PDF)

Farmers often plant moncultures or simple grass-legume mixtures in their pastures. Increased biodiversity in pastures may be one tool to improve sustainability and productivity. This fact sheet addresses some common questions regarding biodiversity in pastures.

1. What is Biodiversity?

Very broadly, biodiversity refers to all …

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Carbon Uptake and Roots

Full factsheet with tables

ON-FARM COMPARISONS OF CARBON UPTAKE AND PARTITIONING TO ROOTS IN SIMPLE AND COMPLEX PASTURE MIXTURES

R. Howard Skinner, Matt A. Sanderson, Benjamin F. Tracy USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, University Park, PA

Abstract

Forage yield on pastures is a function of …

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CEAP Status 2006

**Conservation Effects Assessment Project

December 2006**

Full NRCS factsheet (PDF)

CEAP — Building the Science Base for Conservation

Science based conservation is the key to managing agricultural landscapes for environmental quality.

The Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) is a multi-agency effort to scientifically quantify the environmental benefits of conservation practices used …

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Diverse Forage Mixtures

Full report with figures and tables

PRODUCTIVITY OF SIMPLE AND COMPLEX MIXTURES OF FORAGES COMPARED IN ON-FARM PASTURES Matt A. Sanderson, R. Howard Skinner, and Benjamin F. Tracy

Abstract

There are few studies that have taken a practical approach to examining how well complex forage mixtures persist in intensively …

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